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中国語の量詞 台 について

まず、台で数えられる名詞を用途によって並べる。語例はbaiduで検索した例である。

家庭用品:洗衣机 冰箱 洗碗机 缝纫机 搅拌机 净水器 空气净化机 饮水机 热水器 微波炉 空调 学步车 电视机 摄影机 照相机 手机 收音机 绞肉机

交通手段:三轮车 摩托车 拖拉机 汽车

事務用品:电脑 刻录机 打印机 复印机

大型機械:举重机 地震仪 发动机 粉碎机 探测器

そのほか:

私の語感に従い、1 とても自然 2 やや自然 3 分からない 4 やや不自然 5とても不自然 1なら5点、2なら4点、3なら3点、4なら2点、5なら1点のように、それぞれの語例に点数をつける。以下が結果である。

5点:洗衣机 冰箱 洗碗机 搅拌机 绞肉机 净水器 空气净化器 饮水机 热水器 微波炉空调 电视机 收音机 电脑 刻录机 打印机 复印机 举重机 发动机 粉碎机 探测器 拖拉机 戏

4点:缝纫机 摄影机照相机 地震仪(架でも可能)

3点:手机 摩托车 三轮车

2点:学步车

1点:汽车

つまり、一番自然に台を使うものは一般の家庭用品で、特に電を使用して使われるものである。また、パソコンに関連する事務用品も台を使って違和感がない。大型機械も常に台を使う。4点をつける語例は台を使っても違和感がないが、別の量詞も可能であるということなので、4点をつけることにした。3点の語は、私は違和感を感じるが、中国人の友達に聞いたところ、とても自然だと答えたので、3点にした。2点と1点は私には不自然な例である。

結論:電からエネルギーを得て、家庭生活と業務仕事の中でよく使われるものは台で数えられる。しかし、「一台戏という言い方がとても自然であるという事実があるので、これは一般的な結論とは言えない。

PS まったく自分の考え方ですが、中国語の勉強に役立てば幸せです。

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