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「条」か「件」か ―中国語の量詞

中国語の量詞は難しいという「苦情」がよくある。確かにそうです。無意識に量詞の使い方を身につけた母語話者を迷わせる使い方もある。なかの一つは、「一件子」です。

 私の「辞書」では、「一条子」の用法しかなくて、「一件子」は間違いだと思いました。一方、海南島出身の友人は正反対で、「一件子」は正確で、「一条子」は誤用だと言いました。なかなか合意はできませんでした。

  手元にある辞書(小学館の「中日辞典」第二版)をみると、「子」の項目に取り上げられている量詞は「条」だけです。辞書だけでは足りないと思って、Googleでもう一度調べてみました。結果は驚きでした。

「一件子」:14,600 件、無視できない数字ですね。

 「一条子」:615,000

 結論として、「一条子」の方が標準的で、「一件子」も間違いではありません。

 皆さんの先生に聞いてみて、どちらを使うでしょうか。

森の紹

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