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「袋のネズミ」は何か?

 日本語では、外来語はカタカナで書き表されますが、漢字しかない中国語では、外来語はどのように訳されるのかについて、考えたことがあるでしょうか。

 中国語に外来語を取り入れる際の造語法には、主なものとして次の四つのタイプがあります。

① 音訳(当て字を用いる)

  咖啡 沙发

② 意訳

  电梯,袋鼠(カンガルー

③ 音義融合

  可口可乐(コカ・コーラ),俱乐部

④ 音義結合

      芭蕾舞(バレエ),高尔夫球(ゴルフ)

(紹之森)

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