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「朝三暮四」について

 日本語にも中国語にも「朝三暮四」という成語がありますが、それぞれの意味が違うことを知っていますか。今週はこの差異について話したいと思います。

 まず、両言語におけるこの成語の語源は同じであることを確認したいです。飼っているサルに木の実を朝三つ、夕方四つ与えようとしたら怒ったが、朝四つ、夕方三つにしたら喜んだという故事から。

 現代中国語では、この成語の意味は「移り気である;考えや方針が定まらず」で、「ta対愛情不専一、朝三暮四的」というふうに使います。一方、日本語ではそのような意味ではありません。中国語の「朝三暮四」の意味を日本語でいうと、「朝令暮改」になるでしょう。

ニイハオチャイナ神戸   (紹の森)

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